The value of the abstract. How to write it correctly?

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An abstract is considered a very important part of a scientific article that is indexed in the Scopus or Web of Science database. If the scientist takes into account this moment during the creation of the article, this will contribute to the fact that his or her study will be read and cited more often.

The value of the abstract. How to write it correctly?

What should be written in the abstract?

Abstract – this is a short version of the entire article. Here, it is necessary to describe the problem that the author solves in the article, purpose, research results. One needs to specify the relevance that will be valuable to the reader. It helps scientists understand whether to read the article further.

The abstract should be written after the main part of the study has been completed and it is clear what it investigates. It is important to write it with a clear awareness of the problem that the scientist studied during the research.

How to write an abstract?

  • The writing style should be scientific, but understandable to almost everyone, especially those who do research in the same discipline. Formulate thoughts concisely, observe the requirements for the structure.
  • Remember that the abstract should motivate a person to read the entire article, so it should be original contain important facts.
  • Write your abstract in small sentences. You have up to 500 characters with spaces for everything.

Keywords and phrases

Decide on your keywords and phrases. They must be included in the abstract so that they help other authors understand the essence and the content of the entire article.

What are the most common phrases?

  • "This study will help address the problem..."
  • "This publication touched on the subject of..."
  • "The study investigates..."
  • "This study provides an in-depth detailed analysis of..."

There can be a lot of such phrases. Look for the ones that best fit your abstract.

What should not be written in the abstract?

It should not contain any general phrases, unnecessary details. One should not write in the first person, include lists, citations, insert pictures, illustrations, references. Minimise the number of terms, do not use too long syntactic and grammatical constructions.

Abstract structure

  • Relevance. Why should a scientist read this article?
  • Problematics. What problem did you solve by doing the research?
  • Solution. What methods, approaches, theoretical questions were raised and used.
  • Results. Describe your research results.
  • Conclusions. How has your study expanded the subject area of your expertise? What new have you found?

Translation of the abstract into academic language

Have you chosen an international journal that is indexed in Scopus and/or Web of Science for publication? Then the abstract must be translated into English. For this, it is better to approach a professional translator who has extensive experience in academic translation. After all, it is very important that the reviewer of the journal and your colleagues could correctly understand the essence of your study.

We know how sometimes it is difficult for scientists, who are immersed in their scientific activities, to engage in layout and design of an article according to the requirements of a journal or database. Therefore, our specialists will gladly finalise your article so that it meets all the criteria and successfully passes the peer review from the first attempt. If you need help in finalising your article, contact our specialists via the chat or any other contacts on this website.

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